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Ladder Safety for Construction

One of the most dangerous tools on a construction site is a ladder. Falls from ladders lead to broken bones, serious internal injuries, and even death. OSHA recommends that you train each member on the construction site in the proper selection and use of a ladder.

Watch Your Step:

Many types of ladders are available, and each is designed for a specific type of work. There are step-ladders made for commercial and household use, extension ladders to reach high elevations, and rolling ladders for warehouse use. Ladders can be constructed of wood, metal, or fiberglass. A non-conductive ladder should be used on a construction site.

Choose Your Weapon:

Select the ladder that is right for the job. It should be the correct style and length. If you need to stretch to reach the work, then the ladder is too short. Never use a metal ladder if there is a chance of coming in contact with electricity.

Inspect the Ladder Prior to Use:

Never use a damaged ladder. Inspect the ladder prior to each use; never assume that the ladder is in good working condition. Check for cracks, damaged or missing parts, and corrosion. Make certain the ladder is clean and not slippery from an oil spill or other debris. If it is damaged, don’t use it; throw it in the trash.

Properly Set Up the Ladder:

A step ladder must be locked in the full open position. Never attempt to climb a stepladder that is partially collapsed.

Raising an extension ladder is a 2 man job. Lower the ladder before you attempt to move it to a new location. Extend the ladder 3 FT above the roof or working surface and tie the ladder off at the top.

Use the 4 to 1 rule when erecting an extension ladder. For every 4 FT of elevation, the base should be 1 FT from the wall.

Never lean the ladder against an unstable surface such as a stack of boxes. Never locate the ladder in front of an access door.

Work Safely:

Never sit or stand on the top 2 rungs of a step ladder. The ladder will become unstable, and you could easily fall.

Do not carry tools or equipment up a ladder. Use a rope to hoist tools to your location once you reach the top.

Never move a ladder when someone is standing on it.

Keep yourself centered on the ladder at all times. A good tip is to keep your belt between the rails at all times. Never lean to the side; get down and relocate the ladder.

How Do I Build Houses in the Game CityVille?

So, you have started playing the popular Zynga game, CityVille. The point of the game is to build up your population and businesses. In order to build your population for your city, you will need to build houses. So, your question is, how do you build houses in CityVille? Well, it takes a few steps, some energy, and some coins. In this guide, I will show you how to build houses in CityVille in order to build up your population. Visit your city and we will get started.

Buying a House in CityVille

You will need to start with buying a house in CityVille. We will start with the house that is the cheapest. Open your store by clicking the Build button in your menu. Then click on the House category at the top of the store. Browse through the store until you find the "Cozy Cottage." It will cost you 200 coins. Once you locate it, click it to buy it. Then move the house on your land until you have it in the spot you want to build it in. Once you have it in that location, you can click your mouse to drop it there. You are now ready to build the house.

Building Your House in CityVille

This house requires that you click it twice to build it. Once you get in the more expensive houses, you will need to click more. So, let's start the building. Click the house and wait for the bar to finish. Once it has finished, click the house again. Once the bar is finished again, your house will be finished. Now you will see the moving truck bringing people in to move into the house you just built.

Collecting Rent from Your House in CityVille

You can collect rent from the house you just built, once every hour. You will earn 50 coins every time you collect rent. When the rent is ready to be collected, you will see the coin floating above the house. Simply use your mouse and click the house to collect. When you see the coins lying around, run your mouse over them to collect them.

You can build as many houses as you. Build up your coins and go for some of the larger homes also.

American Construction Manufacturers Will Be Something of the Past

You are worried because the American automotive industry is on the decline. You might also start worrying about large constructions manufacturers as well. The U.S. housing and construction market has taken a beating recently and it appears that the trend will continue. As the construction industry declines the need for equipment will decline as well and this could cause other problems in the American economic market.

Think of Caterpillar who has been experiencing strong growth in both Europe in Asia. They are experiencing this growth because Eastern Europe and the Asian countries are growing quickly. Thus they have a larger need for established and service orientated companies. These international treaties are constantly under threat to be replaced by other companies that can offer the product slightly more cheap.

Caterpillar experienced a slip in new orders of 12 % because the housing market dropped 22% in the United States. The company has made 220 million dollars less this year but its expenses are rising due to new internal improvement costs and the large conglomerate style. A 12% dip for a large company could easily put them into bankruptcy.

The construction industry feeds into so many other types of industries and businesses. When it declines many people will have to close up shop or lay off workers which perpetuate the cycle. These workers then affect other industries due to their lack of disposable income and other industries become impacted.

That doesn't mean we are going to have a whole decline nationwide but we are likely to find heave construction manufacturers going out of business. They have been experience 3-8% profit margins and now they are being thrown into the negative percentage points. They won't be able to downsize or recover fast enough.

Large companies often have problems downsizing because they have to deal with unions that refuse to cut wages, large buildings that no one wants to purchase in a poor market and equipment that has a limitation of use. In addition, closing a plant in a mid-size town is likely to have negative political fallout.

As the profits drop the large automotive manufacturers will have to hurry their international sales to make up the difference. If they are not prepared to do this well their decline and overhead expenses will bury them quickly. Since the size of the equipment is so large many U.S. based equipment manufacturers don't have the ability to quickly move into the international market.

Scottie Pippen Construction Company in Hamburg, Arkansas

Recently I had the chance to go visit my mother and father in Hamburg, Arkansas. Hamburg is the hometown of basketball superstar Scottie Pippen, who happens to be my uncle. He's the baby of a family of 6 sisters and 5 brothers. Scottie Pippen and his brothers recently started a construction company in Hamburg, Arkansas, Pippen Enterprises LLC, which is now developing an exclusive golf course that will be open to the public. Scottie Pippen brings new economic life back to his hometown of Hamburg, Arkansas.

Billie Pippen, Scottie's older brother says: "Pippen Enterprises LLC has added more jobs for the youth, and has turned around this town's unemployment rate." Unemployment has been high among the African American and Hispanic American neighborhoods within this town. Many of the factories that once employed many of the town citizens closed down and moved many of their factories to South America or Mexico, leaving many of these small town citizens virtually unemployable. Many of you reading this may never have heard of Hamburg, Arkansas but here is where a legend was made. It may be just another small town to you but this is Scottie Pippen's hometown. Many of the town citizens love and treat him as their own. He doesn't have to worry about people bothering him for autographs; here he can relax and enjoy his visits. Most remember him as a kid growing up around this small lofty town. Did you know Hamburg High School is the best basketball playing school in their conference since 1970? They also had many of its high school basketball players to join the CBA league and eventually Scottie Pippen striking NBA success and don't forget William Pippen, (Scottie Pippen's nephew).

Currently Scottie Pippen and Pippen Enterprises 18 hole golf course is planning on hosting a celebrity charity game. With many golf, basketball and music celebrities playing a charity benefit game. I'll keep you abreast on that matter though. This shows that people do remember where they can from no matter how successful they become in life. Many of Hamburg's senior citizens are glad to see that jobs are now returning to their town in hopes that many of the youth would decide to live in Hamburg, since most of the town's youth finish High School and move away in hope of finding employment elsewhere. Scottie Pippen has brought new hope to his hometown of Hamburg, Arkansas with Pippen Enterprises LLC with their economic development plans to help the town grow.

Building a House: How to Start the Process

There are several advantages to building a new home instead of purchasing a pre-owned home. When you build a home, you are able to have things exactly as you want: the design, layout, and costs of your new home are largely within your control.

One of the main issues with building a new home is choosing the right builder. Remember, your house will likely be the larges investment you make in your life. It is essential that you thoroughly interview every potential contractor you consider, and you need to be sure to ask about the following: .

  • Their experience, and how long they’ve been in business. It’s best to go with a contractor who’s been around for at least 5 years.

  • Are they licensed, bonded, and insured?
  • Are they experienced with the type of project you have in mind? Ask to see examples.
  • Ask for references. A quality contractor will be happy to provide you with the names and phone numbers of satisfied customers.

When designing your new home, be sure to get seek feedback from your builder. They may have ideas that you haven’t thought of, which will make your new home perfect for you.

When building your home, there are many design elements to consider: the budget, the amount of square footage, the types of wall finishes, interior and exterior furnishings, ceiling height, the shape, size and location of all the windows, and the style and location of kitchen and bathroom fixtures fixtures. This can seem overwhelming, but this is where having a good contractor is so important. An experienced, skilled builder will be able to guide you through the design process and help you design a living space that will work best for you!

Another issue that you’ll need to think about when building a home is the color. You have a completely clean slate when it comes to the color design: everything is up to you! This is a good thing, of course, but it can be a little intimidating. After all, you have to come up with a color for every room in your new home! Fortunately, there are color consultants who specialize in doing exactly that. Your contractor should be able to recommend one, but, again, be sure to ask for references. A good color expert will help you design a great color scheme, from the exterior walls right down to the smallest interior detail. Be prepared to spend at least a few hours meeting with the color expert.

With these details in mind, you’re now prepared to start the process of building a house. By carefully choosing your builder and color specialist, you’ll be well on your way to having a beautiful home.

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